Child labor is a big problem all over the world. The 10 worst countries for having child labor are Eritrea, Somalia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Myanmar, Sudan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Zimbabwe, Burundi, and Nigeria. These countries have a pretty high poverty rate. Whether the form of work the child is doing can be named as child labor depends on a lot of things. For example, and maybe most importantly the child's age, how long workdays the child has, the type of work they do, if it affects their physical and mental health and if it interferes with their schooling. Almost one in four children in the age between 5 and 14 are doing labor that is detrimental to their health and development.
Explanation/Definition: relate to human rights
Children in these early ages are not capable of the conditions during the labor and the impacts after working too many hours per day. According to The International Labor Organization estimates assess that 215 million under aged children work considered illegal and harmful. These children do not skip school because they want to. The main reason they don’t go to school is because their families are extremely poor and that means that every family member must store up some money for survival even if they are only five years old or so. Huge numbers work with fishing, manufacturing, mining, domestic service, and commercial agriculture. Some of these under aged children also work with illegal activities like being prostitutes, doing drug trades and other similar traumatic activities. That kind of child labor can damage their social health by getting involved with inappropriate people. If you have been abroad you must have noticed that child labor exists in a lot of tourist countries like Turkey, Thailand and so on. The children often work in restaurants or hotels, and sometimes also in bars to entertain people. Often the restaurant/hotel/bar-owners are the children’s parents or relatives, but still it does not make it okay that these children are working in their family business and prevents them from going to school and get an education. Child labor in the industrial revolution was extreme. Children were very useful as laborers because they are so small and this allowed them to move around between small spaces in mines and factories where big adults could not fit. Children were perfect for this job, not only for their size but also that the children could be paid less than the adults and they were also easier to manage and control.
Conclusion: How I think children rights stands in Sweden.
Children rights in Sweden is so far away from how it is in the high-poverty countries. Of course, child labor exists in Sweden as well, but here we have rules that if you are not 18 years old (the age of authority in Sweden) you are only allowed to work until 23:00 (Swedish time). Some people break these rules as well but if they do the company will get punished for it. Sweden is a country with high standards and if you do something that is wrong you don’t get away with it as easily as if in high-poverty countries because in these countries it´s normalized that they do bad things just to survive.
Revolution, S. (2017). Child Labor - Facts & Summary - HISTORY.com. [online] HISTORY.com. Available at: http://www.history.com/topics/child-labor [Accessed 24 Feb. 2017].
Anon, (2017). [online] Available at: https://www.continuetolearn.uiowa.edu/laborctr/child_labor/about/what_is_child_labor.html [Accessed 24 Feb. 2017].